400-600 – Age of Germanic Migration

410 – Rome sacked by Germanic invaders; Roman empire begins to dissolve and withdraws from Britain

449 – Vortigern invited the Angles to Britain to help fight off Picts and Scots.

516 – Battle of Mount Badon, south-central England(?); Britons (maybe led by Ambrosius Aurelianus) defeat Saxons

521 – King Hygelac died during a raid on the lower Rhine

597 – St. Augustine begins converting English to Christianity

615 – by now the Anglo-Saxons have taken over Britain

625 – Sutton Hoo ship burial dates to about this time

660-700 – Caedmon

700 – Lindisfarne Gospels written around this time

700-850 – Beowulf was probably composed btwn these dates

751 – Bede

781 – English scholar Alcuin meets Charlemagne

793-795 – first Viking raids at Lindisfarne and Iona

866-900 – First Viking Wars

869 – Vikings kill Edmund, king of East Anglia

871-899 – Alfred the great is King of Wessex; promotes literacy

878 – Alfred defeats Vikings at Battle of Edington; Vikings settle in East Anglia

991 – Battle of Maldon; Vikings defeat English led by Byrhtnoth

1000 – Beowulf written down

1013 – Vikings defeat English; King Swein of Denmark rules England

1042 – West Saxon King Edward the Confessor regains control of England

1066 – Battle of Hastings

1390 – Chaucer writes The Canterbury Tales

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